Any women who enter puberty or teenager must have experienced periods or menstruation. Ideally, the menstrual cycle occurs once a month with a vulnerable 21 to 35 days. Regular menstrual cycles describes the physiological reproductive organs and hormonal systems are good and healthy. But there are some people who have irregular menstrual cycles, menstrual period can not be ascertained. I wonder what the cause of irregular menstruation?
The following is a Variety Causes & Solutions:
Many of the causes why the length of a menstrual cycle or vice versa, short. However, the handling of cases with abnormal menstrual cycles, not based on a long or short menstrual cycle, but by abnormalities were found. Handling is done by the doctor based on the cause.
* Function upset hormones
Menstruation is closely related to hormone system is regulated in the brain, specifically in the pituitary gland. Hormonal system will send a signal to the ovary to produce eggs. When the system is disturbed, automatic menstrual cycle will be disrupted.
If there is a deficiency of hormones, it can be added to the lack of hormones (eg, estrogen deficiency, it can be added to the hormone estrogen). If there is excess hormones, then made certain drug that hormone levels return to normal (ie, excess levels of the hormone prolactin, which can be reduced by administering certain drugs). If there is a hormonal imbalance, then added another to make it more balanced hormones.
* Systemic Disorders
There are mothers body is fat or thin. This can affect the menstrual cycle due to the metabolic system in the body is not working properly. Or the mother suffered from diabetes, will also affect the metabolic system so that the mother is not regular menstrual cycle.
To overcome the problem of fat or thin so that the system is improved metabolism by regulating the proper diet. Maternal diet can do with guidance from an expert that the incoming intake according to the needs of the body. As for the diabetics blood sugar or insulin levels in the blood that can cause disruption of the menstrual cycle, oral antidiabetic medication or insulin medications "sensitizer" can improve menstrual cycle back to normal and even improve the chance of getting pregnant.
Stress should not be taken lightly because the metabolic system in the body. It could be due to stress, the mother so easily tired, losing weight drastically, even sickly, so disturbed metabolism. When disturbed metabolism, menstrual cycle is disrupted.
Stress can cause changes in the menstrual cycle is a heavy psychological stress such as grief is so great (parent or spouse or child dies), or a stressful life like living in a women's prison. Great psychological stress can increase the hormone CRH or cortisol, which can disrupt production of reproductive hormones. In order to overcome this is to overcome the stress itself through therapy conducted by experts. If could be stress, menstrual cycles can be normal.
* Thyroid Gland
Disruption of thyroid function / thyroid can also cause irregular menstrual cycles do not. Interference can be a production of the thyroid is too high (hyperthyroidism) or too low (hypothyroidism). Because the body's hormonal system is disrupted.
If thyroid hormone is too high then the drug should be added in order to decrease production of thyroid, and vice versa if the thyroid hormone is too low then the drug should be added that thyroid hormones return to normal. Basically gland production should match the body needs.
* Excessive hormone Prolactin
In nursing mothers, prolaktinnya hormone production is quite high. The hormone prolactin is often the mother never bleeding because the hormones suppress maternal fertility. In this case no problem, it is very good to allow the mother to keep their reproductive organs. Conversely, if you are not breastfeeding, prolactin levels can also be high, usually caused by abnormalities in the pituitary gland in the head.
Excessive production of the hormone prolactin, which can be caused by severe psychological stress or because the tumor on the pituitary gland that produces the hormone prolactin more. In order to suppress excessive production of the hormone prolactin, which may be given the drug alone, or if required to do surgery to remove the tumor in the pituitary gland.
FOCUS on the desires pregnancy
Many mothers are upset, menstrual cycle disturbances hinder to have children. Not only mothers who have not had children, mothers who already have children can also experience it. In the case of the normal menstrual cycle is not always looking at whether people are still hoping to get pregnant or not. If you still want to get pregnant, then the treatment should be focused on the efforts to help patients become pregnant. If people do not want to get pregnant again, they were enough to regulate her menstrual cycle only.
Sources: Dr. Andon Hestiantoro, Sp.OG., from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Cipto Mangunkusumo, Jakarta
Source: from various sources